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660921Planetary6

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                      THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF CANADA

                                                                       Bulletin No.6
                                PLANETARY SECTION


ANNOUNCEMENT: Following the retirement of Geoffrey Gaherty as National Co-ordinator of
the Planetary Section for the National Observing Program, Miss Isabel Williamson asked
me to assume this position. The program as established by Mr. Gaherty will be con-
tinued. Information and assistance in observational activities will be made avail-
able to all R.A.S.C. Centres and members, with reports on the various planetary programs
issued on a regular basis.

JUPITER

A complete lull to observations of this planet occurred this summer because of the close
proximity of the sun ant the early rising time required for observers; as of October,
Jupiter will rise at about midnight and observations throughout the remainder of the
year should be much easier.

If enough observations are forthcoming, a strip map of Jupiter for 1966 will be pie-
pared showing a sequence of changes occurring within the atmosphere of the Jovian disk.
All contributors are urged to review the very excellent advice and instruction given by
Mr. Gaherty in Planetary Bulletins Nos.3 and 4. Do not hesitate to ask the writer for
additional report forms.


SATURN

Observations of Saturn have generally been rather scanty, and is attributed to the lack
of obvious change in the appearance of its belt system. However, a very interesting
apparition will be afforded this year in the disappearance of the ring system as
observed from earth. This arises from the rings being presented to us edge-on as
the earth passes through the plane of Saturn's equator, with which the ring system
coincides. The viewer will then be afforded a unique aspect of the planet, a dusky,
banded, ringless oblate spheroid with possibly a thin shadow of the ring girdling the
planet. As this happens twice in 29f years, every effort should be made to record it.


RING SYSTEM

A challenge to the observer will be to decide on what specific date the ring system is
no longer visible in a given telescope. The aperture of the telescope, magnification
and focal length, as well as the transparency of the skies and seeing conditions, all
contribute to the resolution of this apparition, and this information should all be
noted on the drawings or reports submitted by each individual. Interested members
adopting this activity are urged to observe as systematically as possible, with
observations becoming more frequent as the "ring disappearance" dates of October 30
and December 17, 1966, approach.

I have been unable to find any information concerning the aperture/bright line ratio
required for resolving the edge-on appearance of the ring system; consequently, a
bulletin based on the compiled results of reports submitted will be prepared at the
conclusion of the event. The problem is different from the classic "Dawes limit".
Dawes used the spatial separation (usually in fractions of seconds of arc between two
close stars) to define the resolving power of a telescope, whereas it is predicted the
very thin, very bright line of Saturn's ring B just might be more readily seen at some
thickness less than 1/4 second of arc.

Planetary Section, Bulletin No.6                                                   -2-


The following table lists the apparent diameter in seconds of arc of the outer edge of
the outer ring (ring B), times being 0 hours Universal Time.

   Date     Major Axis     Minor Axis                Date     Major Axis     Minor Axis
Sept. 28      43.80           0.69                Nov. 27       40.88           0.18
Oct.   2      43.74           0.58                Dec.  1       40.60           0.17
       6      43.65           0.48                      5       40.32           0.14
      10      43.54           0.38                      9       40.04           0.11
      14      43.41           0.28                     13       39.76           0.06
      18      43.25           0.20                     17       39.48           0.01
      22      43.08           0.12                     21       39.21           0.05
      26      42.88           0.05                     25       38.94           0.11
      30      42.67           0.02                     29       38.68           0.19
Nov.   3      42.45           0.07                Jan.  2/67    38.43           0.27
       7      42.21           0.11                      6       38.18           0.35
      11      41.96           0.15                     10       37.94           0.44
      15      41.70           0.17                     14       37.72           0.54
      19      41.44           0.18                Feb.  3       36.75           1.10
      23      41.16           0.19                Mar.  3                       2.01


Observations that should be made concurrently with the above include scanning the disk
of Saturn for unusual markings, such as the famous white spot on the equatorial zone
discovered by W. Rays of England in 1933. A search is also recommended for any of the
"Jupiter Type" markings as detailed on page 2, "Observing Jupiter", Bulletin No. 4,
July 1962.

Observations of Saturn' a satellites might prove very rewarding at this time, since
Saturn was in opposition on September 19. On this date, and for sans days following,
the earth is very near the orbital planes of the satellites and hence the apparent
orbits approximate straight lines. It might be possible to witness a satellite
transit the disk of Saturn, most probably Titan.


Further information of assistance to the observer in computing satellite positions will
be found on pages 57 and 58 of the OBSERVER' S HANDBOOK for 1966.


Do not hesitate to request any help Or Instruction on any of the programs within this
section. All requests will be answered and all observations submitted will be
acknowledged.










                                                         Archie L. Ostrander,
                                                         National Co-ordinator,
                                                         Planetary Section,
                                        Standing Committee on Observational Activities,
                                                         75 Rabbit Lane,
21 September, 1966.                                      Islington, Ontario.

                                                         Telephone: 621-7086
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