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                                   METEOR SECTION

PRELIMINARY NEWS-LETTER                                               1 August, 1966

I'd better start this news-letter off by apologizing to all active and potential
meteor observers in general, and to kiss Isabel K. Williamson, the National
Chairman of the Standing Committee on Observational Activities in particular,
for the embarrassed silence of this Section since I was appointed Co-ordinator.

Meteor observing is a field in which amateurs without specialized equipment can
make an important contribution and enjoy themselves at the same time The
prime requirements are enthusiasm, familiarity with the constellations, and a
willingness to stay up when the majority of citizens have hit the sack. All
other things being equal, more meteors are seen between midnight and dawn than
between dusk and midnight. After all, those arriving before midnight have to
overtake the Earth from the rear, while those we see in the wee small hours are
meeting us head-on. Thus the latter will, tend to be brighter, and there will be
more of them.

This is a field, also, in which the younger member can come into his (or her!) own.
Here in Ottawa, we have two groups of experienced observers (Hillcrest and Queensway)
made up of high school students. So, if you are thinking of starting or expanding
a meteor observing group, don't neglect people of high school age as a source of
recruits after a short period of training, they can develop into very effective

It is my intention to have the first few bulletins deal with such topics as setting
up a visual observing station, the type of information to be gathered by visual
observers, and the recovery of meteorites after a suspected fall. Later bulletins
will deal with meteor photography and spectroscopy, telescopic meteors, and the
collection of fireball reports from untrained observers. I would like to stress
that these bulletins will be in the nature of advice from one amateur to another,
and will not be laying down hard and fast rules. If you have any ideas of your
own, go ahead and try them out, and please let me know the results. I would
like to have your comments on the bulletins and news-letters (including this one!),
and also news of your group or Centre's activities in the meteor observing field.
(But not the data you've collected, please send that to the Meteor Centre,
National Research Council, Ottawa 2, Ontario, where Dr. Peter U. Millman will feed
it to his hungry computors).

There have bean a number of brilliant fireballs seen lately, and it is important
to remember that most of the people from whom observations of this class of object
can be collected do not know what it is they hate seen. Reports of flying saucers,
or unconfirmed stories of planes crashing in flames, unexplained noises from the
sky, and other peculiar happenings, should be investigated otherwise the chance
of a meteorite recovery may be lost. Remember, reporters and others who work in
the mass-communication field cannot be expected to be familiar with meteoritic
phenomena. In this connection, it's instructive to read the reports of the 
meteorite which fell in Barwell, England, last Christmas Eve (see Sky and Telescope,
July 1966, page 7, and Journal of the British Astronomical Association, April 1966,
page 192), and compare it with the recoveries of the Bruderheim meteorite of
4 March 1960 and the Peace River meteorite of 31 March 1963 (see Journal of the
Royal Astronomical Society of Canada: October 1961, page 218; and June 1964,
page 109, respectively), I personally think the comparison reflects great credit
on our Western meteorite recovery experts.

                                                                        ... 2


There are a growing number of books available (but probably not in your local library
or bookstore, fortunately!) which should be of use to amateur students of
meteoritics. (Can anyone think of a less cumbersome handle to describe us? Please
don't include such terms as "meteor nuts!") A good star atlas of naked-eye stars
is essential my first choice would be Norton's Star Atlas (Gall & Inglis, 21
shillings), with Ray Coutchie's Deep Sky Catalogue a close second ($3.00 U.S.,
available from Ray Coutchie, 22018 Ybarra Road, Woodland Hills, California, U.S.A.).
Fletcher G. Watson's Between the Planets (available as a paperback from Doubleday -
Anchor Book N17 $1.25 U.S.) is also a near-essential. In a large group, somebody
should make a point of getting Dr. D.W.R. McKinley's Meteor Science and Engineering
(McGraw-Hill). There are plenty of others, of course - some day I hope to send out
a fairly comprehensive list. And don't forget the magazines - "Sky and Telescope"
and "The Review of Popular Astronomy".

Meteor showers for the late summuer and early autumn include those old favourites,
the Perseids (maximum 32 August, moon past third quarter), the Orionids (maximum
20 October, the first quarter moon should give no trouble), the long, slow Taurids
(maximum around 5 November, they're active the better part of a month, and the
moon may be bothersome up to a few days after the maximum), the the possibly
spectacular Leonids (maximum around 14-18 November, the moon won't be a problem) -
WATCH THIS ONE! There's even a possibility of picking up a few Giacobinids
(9-10 October) although we can't expect a repeat of the great meteor storm of 1946.

One final word. The place to write to for fireball report forms, meteor plotting
charts and record sheets (and to return said farms, charts and sheets to after
they've been filled out) is the Meteor Centre. National Research Council, Ottawa 2,
Ontario. But if you want to talk about your meteoritical exploits and adventures,
or would like advice on getting started in this bobby of meteor observing, I'm your
man. (Oh yes, and let me know the name of your Centre's meteor co-ordinator, please!)

                                                   Stan Mott, National Co-ordinator,
                                                   Meteor Section,
                                                   Standing Committee on
                                                    Observational Activities,
                                                   2049 Honeywell Avenue,
                                                   Ottawa 13, Ontario.
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